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AUTOMATICALLY KILL INACTIVE SESSIONS

Hi, today we are going to create script which automatically kill inactive sessions in oracle database. Here i’m going to kill 15 minutes old inactive sessions.

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Step 1: Find 15 minutes old inactive sessions

To find the 15 miuntes old inactive sessions we are using the below command. Copy the below command and create a script with “.sql” extension. In my case i am creating a script with the name “inactive_ses.sql“. You can create the script with any name.

Location of my script: /u01/scripts/inactive_ses.sql

$vi /u01/scripts/inactive_ses.sql

set lines 600
set pages 600
TTITLE OFF
SET HEAD OFF

SELECT 'Alter system kill session ''' || SID || ',' || SERIAL# || '''immediate;' FROM V$SESSION
WHERE STATUS != 'ACTIVE'
AND USERNAME = 'SCOTT'
AND WAIT_CLASS = 'Idle'
AND round(SECONDS_IN_WAIT/60,2) > 15;

Step 2: Create shell script using above script

In shell scripting we call the step 1 script which help us to find the 15 minutes old sessions and create new script using the output of step 1 query.

$vi /u01/scripts/kill_inactive_ses.sh

export ORACLE_SID=digital
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0/dbhome_1/
$ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -S "/as sysdba" @/u01/scripts/inactive_ses.sql > /u01/scripts/kill_inactive_ses.sql
$ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -S "/as sysdba" @/u01/scripts/kill_inactive_ses.sql > /u01/scripts/kill_inactive_ses_out.log
exit

Change the permission of shell script

After creating the shell script we need to change the permission.

Before Permissions:

kill inactive session
$ chmod 775 kill_inactive_ses.sh

After permissions:

permission on shell script

Step 3: Schedule shell script in crontab

This is final step, in this step we schedule the shell script in crontab as you can see in below example.

$crontab -e

*/5 * * * * /u01/scripts/kill_inactive_ses.sh

Now the script has been completed.

I hope you learn somthing from this article, if yes please share your fillings with us on our social media.

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